MOVE & COPY Tutorial
by Pat Herrington

(A.N.N. Notice) The following article is a tutorial for using the MOVE/COPY function of PowerPAINT. It first appeared in the documentation for Yule Tools I by Eyezod Graphics. It may be reprinted in user's group newsletters per Eyezod Graphics. Be aware that it contains some references that are specific to Yule Tools I. The documentation originally contained that are not contained in this article.

If you are not yet familiar with all the functions of the MOVE/COPY key, now is the time to learn! You will get infinitely more use from your YULE TOOLS and PowerPAINT when you know how to manipulate all the design elements.

To access this menu, simply press the MOVE/COPY key. You will then be presented with several options.

'COPY CELL' is used to place the entire screen of the current cell in one or more different cells. This is very useful for keeping interim versions of work in progress, for making experimental changes, and for creating headers and footers. Select the number of the cells you wish to copy to by pressing the corresponding number on the keyboard (1 to 4, or 1 to 8, depending on the size of your memory expander.) You can copy to as many cells as you like. Each time, you will be shown the contents of the new cell, and asked whether you really wish to replace it. When you are done, press ESCAPE to return to the MOVE/COPY menu.

Another useful option is MOVING WINDOW. This helps you to see how the contents of your workspace line up in relation to each other. You can scroll between cells, moving up, down, left, or right, depending on your current cell. Use the arrow keys to scroll, and the ESCAPE key when you are done. No changes are possible from this function.

PULL PICTURES allows you to move the entire screen in any direction, or to move just one 8-peel row at a time. You probably will not use PULL BY ROW very much, but it is handy for centering text.

PULL (entire) SCREEN is very convenient for erasing large areas of graphics around any of the four edges of your screen. For example, if you wish to eliminate the text on the bottom of the CANDLES: picture, use the DOWN arrow key to pull the picture to the bottom of the screen until the text disappears. Then use the UP arrow key to pull the candles back in place. MOVE SLOWLY. The screen moves 8 pixels at a time, and the results do NOT appear on the screen instantly. Holding the arrow key down for too long can easily erase the entire picture. If this happens, don't panic. TO GET YOUR PICTURE BACK, PRESS THE <UNDO> KEY!!!

PULL SCREEN also helps you to center graphics between cells. If you would like to place a picture in the middle of a letterhead, and then add details to either side of the picture, you first copy the cell to the adjacent cell. Then use PULL SCREEN to pull the picture in Cell 1 to the right, and, after returning to the Primary Menu and switching cells, use the same technique to move the contents of the right cell to the left. Your screen is now centered, and you can add any details you like. The GARLAND: pictures were designed this way. If you press the left or right arrow key 15 times, you will move your picture exactly half way across the screen. You can use the same technique to center vertically with the up and down keys. (To move half the screen VERTICALLY, press the key only ten times.)

The other option in this menu is SET FRAME. When you press this key, a small shape appears which represents the location of the upper-left hand corner of your frame. You can move it across the screen with your arrow keys, and press <RETURN> to fix it in place. Then another shape appears, representing the lower right-hand corner. Use the arrow keys and <RETURN> to finish your frame. Whatever is inside the frame can now be moved, copied, or erased. You are limited to 8-pixel increments. Your frame can be square or oblong, but can be no smaller than 8 pixels square and no larger than 64 pixels square.

You are now presented with three options. ERASE will eliminate the contents of the frame: all the foreground details will be gone, and the background will be changed to default (black).

If you do not want black background, you can change it later from any of the three menus: GLOBAL COLOR, DRAW BACKGROUND, or even INSERT, using the space bar.

Rather than ERASE, you can choose to MOVE or COPY the contents of the frame. MOVE will put them in a different area, erasing them from the original location. COPY will leave the original graphics but place another copy of them in a new location. In either case, you choose the new location (in 8-pixel increments) with the arrow keys and fix in place with <RETURN>. You can MOVE or COPY to a different cell, too. Hold down the Control key while pressing either U or D (for Up or Down.) Control-U will move to a higher-numbered cell, and Control-D will move to a lower-numbered cell. When your frame is in the correct cell, use the arrow keys to position it and <RETURN> to fix it permanently. You will be asked whether or not the results are okay. If you press Y, the change is permanent. Then you will return to the original cell. If you press N, you will return to the original cell, but nothing will have happened. You can start again if you like.

Think of the contents of your frame as being Clip-Art that you choose yourself from portions of your screen. The difference is that the "clip" can be of different sizes. (The minimum size is the same as a font letter, and the maximum is as large as a regular clip.) This flexibility means that you can choose just a small portion of a clip and place it in various locations in your workspace (in every cell, if you like.) For example, you can set a frame around each individual ornament in the "frame clips" on this volume (one at a time) and move it to a new location.

One word of caution: DO NOT use the MOVE function unless you are moving to an entirely new location. If any portion of the new location overlaps any portion of the old location, the contents of the frame will be ERASEd instead. When in doubt, use the COPY function. Then you can follow up with ERASE if you still need to get rid of anything. Or you can erase by using the space bar in the INSERT menu.

Remember that the correct keys for moving or copying the contents of a frame to a different cell are Control plus U or D, NOT Control plus the arrow keys. Don't be intimidated by references to "8 pixel increments". You don't have to count pixels.

The frame will automatically count off the increments. Play with it and find out what you can and cannot do.

If you ever become frustrated because something you've drawn does not fall within the increments, you might want to know that there is a way around it. If you SAVE your picture as a SmartPAINT file, you can use a Public Domain program by Digital Express called SimpIePAINTER to replot the picture a few pixels. Though SimplePAINTER is not as user-friendly as most DEI programs, it is free, and it works.

There are many reasons you might want to move portions of your screen to another screen (besides the obvious reason that you might just WANT them there). For example, you might want to change foreground or background colors on only one portion of your picture. You might want to add texture or shading with Brushes. You might want to REVERSE SCREEN to transform foreground into background and vice versa, without affecting any of the rest of the picture. You might want to try any number of experimental changes before making them permanent. You might ward to split a clip or sprite so that you can place part of it in one cell and part in another. All those options are open to you from the MOVE/COPY menu. Don't be afraid to experiment.

Have fun!

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